Politics, Accountability and Conflict

ILPI has worked extensively on analyzing political development and democratization, origins of conflicts and wars, as well as the link between interventions aimed at restoring peace and stability and the longer term investments in building institutions to manage existing tensions. The team combines academic and operational expertise on negotiating peace and reconciliation agreements, assisting with disarmament, and developing inclusive political settlements.

ILPI has experience from a range of political analytical interventions and peace and conflict issues, including:

Political Analysis

The ILPI team has broad expertise in dealing with the analysis of political participation, systems and institutions in different countries and regions. This includes analysis of issues related to marginalization, conflict, elections and democratization studies, and institutionalization of checks-and-balance. In addition ILPI senior core staffs have broad experiences with administering, observing, and analysing elections and support programme to elections in a number of countries.

Conflict Mapping, Tracking and Analysis

The ILPI team includes senior experts in peace and conflict studies with extensive experience researching and applying theoretical frameworks to the practical challenges in fragile and conflict-affected states. This includes work on conflict early warning mechanisms in the Horn of Africa and East Africa and the provision of policy advice on conflict mitigation and resolution.

Humanitarian Disarmament

ILPI has expertise in humanitarian disarmament, demilitarisation and small arms control. This includes participation in multilateral processes on behalf of the Norwegian MFA on landmines, cluster munitions, small arms and nuclear weapons. ILPI staff have worked on aligning multilateral policy and regulatory frameworks with field-initiated, operational methods for improving mine clearance, drafting and advising on the implementation of demilitarization agreements, and de-mining and clearance of explosive remnants of war. These efforts have centered on Sri Lanka, Sudan, Bosnia, and Mozambique.

Access to Justice

ILPI specialist skills within the justice sector are based on experience working with transitional justice and human rights protection in fragile states. In depth studies of transitional justice arrangements in the Horn of Africa, against the backdrop of gross human rights violations, have been undertaken, in order to offer policy advice on transitional arrangements. Operational experience includes providing strategic advice for justice sector reform in various African countries and law reform in Yemen with a view to comply with International Human Rights Law.

Peace and Reconciliation Processes

The team has experience providing technical support to peace and reconciliation processes, mediation and peace agreements. This includes implementing military aspects of peace settlements, negotiating and facilitating the implementation of peace agreements in the Balkans, and transforming armed conflicts into power-sharing and autonomy solutions. The team provided targeted advice on the implementation of the political reconciliation agreement in Zanzibar, ending a long-term conflict between two rivaling parties.

Sexual and Gender Based Violence

ILPI’s staff includes a team of experts on the causes, consequences and possible mitigating measures of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV). ILPI’s research has been inclusive of both male and female victims of SGBV and has addressed national, regional and international legal frameworks and the judicial, political and cultural obstacles to effective implementation of those. With a focus on Africa’s Great Lakes region, ILPI has researched SGBV both as the sole topic and as a theme in projects addressing more different aspects of women’s situation. ILPI also acts as an advisor for a variety of international clients on the broader UN women, peace and security agenda.

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