ILPI, together with the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), renowned for publications such as the Global Peace Index and the Global Terrorism Index, has been commissioned by the OECD to work on the 2016 States of Fragility Report.
The States of Fragility report is an annual OECD publication that replaced the previous OECD Fragile States Reports in 2015. It is one of the flagship publications of the OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate, which serves among others as the Secretariat of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The States of Fragility reports aim to provide data, evidence, and analysis on fragile and conflict-affected states and situations to donors and policy-makers, in order to help them better address the complex challenges of these contexts. In addition, each annual report highlights a particular topic: in 2015, the report presented elements of a new methodology for assessing fragility; this year, it provides an analysis of violence, understood as a state of social and/or political conflict – its recent trends, its present patterns, and its relation to fragility.
ILPI and the IEP’s contribution to the report will consist in gathering evidence and providing analysis in response to questions such as:
- What are the merits and limits of different methodological approaches in capturing the multidimensional nature of fragility?
- How do conflict and violence affect the wider picture of fragility?
- How strong is the international financial commitment of donor States to support fragile and conflict-affected States?
- What are the lessons from the analysis of fragility and violence for policy responses and support to fragile states?
The recent crises in countries in the Middle East and North Africa (Libya, Syria, Iraq), as well as Sub-Saharan Africa (Mali, the Central African Republic) demonstrate the continued threat that conflict and violence pose for the long-term stability and cohesion of entire countries, hence for international security. Donors and policy-makers are regularly confronted with difficult decisions on the appropriate use of national resources in support to the troubled regions of the world. High-quality evidence and analysis, as ILPI and the IEP are striving to provide within this project, are therefore critical in order to better inform such decisions.